Semi-Circle (Top View)
Colour of Other Foam Grades
The Right Foam for the Right Job
|Category||Foam Grade||Life Expectancy *||Density
(lbs. /cu. ft.)
|Foam Firmness||Price Per Board Foot||Recommended Applications|
|Lightest Weight Lowest Cost||1030||6 mths||1 yr||1.0||Medium||$1.09||Packing foam, cheaper pillows, outside backs & arms, used for toppers in conventional spring mattress.|
|1112||Backs||2 yr||1.1||Super Soft||$1.25||Thicker furniture backs greater than 4" thick or softer pillows. The firmness should be higher when thickness is lower. For 2" & 3" backs use 1118 or even better 1517.|
|1324||Backs||3 yr||1.3||Medium Soft||$1.47||Good furniture backs & arms. Basic occasional bedding i.e. Camp mattresses. For firmer or thinner commercial backs, used for backs with buttons for tuffting.|
|Charcoal Colour||1445C||1.5 yr||2 yr||1.4||Firm||$1.59||Used in packaging applications and curling bumpers.|
|Basic Seat & Mattress Grades||1517||2 yr||3 yr||1.5||Soft||$1.72||For better quality backs or mattress toppers (use 1517). Basic seating used for office furniture, dinnette seats or furniture that is sold at flea markets or discount stores. Has a low cost but also has a lower performance level. Can be used for Sofa Bed mattresses or better Camp mattresses for heavier use.|
|Very Hard Specialty Grades||1670||3 yr||5 yr||1.6||XX-Firm||$1.98||For 2" gym mats & really firm applications where thickness is limited. Automotive fire retardent grade used in commercial or boat seating. Better quality gym mats, exercise equipment, firm edges for firmer mats.|
|X550||8 yr||10 yr||2.2||Super Firm||$3.79|
|Good Value Used By Furniture Manufacturers||1830||4 yr||6 yr||1.8||Medium||$1.96||This line is mostly used by furniture manufacturers that supply furniture to good stores. Good value for a conventional foam. Used for seating and bedding applications for full foam mattresses. Stores call it the best. We make better mattresses because we use better foam.|
|Qik-Dri Outdoor Foam||QD20||4 yr||6 yr||1.8||Soft||$4.25||Qik-Dri Outdoor Foam is ideal for outdoor cushions that are exposed to the elements. However, if you are using water repellent fabric you may also want to consider Koosh Natural. It is mold and mildew resistant.|
|ECOCELL - Good 2.0 lb High Density Soy-Based Foam|
|Soy-Based BioFoam||EC26||5 yr||8 yr||2.0||Medium||$2.29||Most manufacturers use the 1.5 lb to 1.8 lb density range for furniture seating. At 2.0 lbs per cubic foot Ecocell exceeds what is conventionally used by most furniture manufacturers. This line is good value for good furniture and bedding applications. It is less expensive than Curon and for manufacturers that think beyond comfort and design. White in colour. See Other BioFoams.|
|NEOCELL HD - Better Soy-Based High Density Foam|
|Soy-Based High Density BioFoam||NC32||10 yr||12 yr||2.2||Medium Firm||$2.59||NeoCell is the best High Density foam made in Canada. It is fire retardant and made with some soy-content. This means it will outperform conventional grades in both height loss and firmness retention. Our BioFoam grades contribute to environmental awareness and preservation by reducing energy consumption and global warming. This grade is a light blue colour.|
|NC70||12 yr||15 yr||2.5||XX-Firm||$3.15||Used in thinner seating applications or mattress cores for added support.|
|KOOSH NATURAL (KN) - The Best and Most Natural High Resiliency Foam|
|The Best Grade for Commercial or High-End Residential||KN11||15 yr||20 yr||3.0||Super Soft||$3.95||KN11 has memory foam like properties but better. It is luxuriously soft, natural, open cell (breathes better) and not temperature sensitive like memory foam.|
|KN16||12 yr||15 yr||2.6||Soft||$3.70||
Koosh Natural's unique cell structure and natural soy content sets new standards. It has a softer surface, greater comfort and support, and better fatigue resistance than conventional polyurethane foam.
Guaranteed to maintain its original shape and firmness for the life of most people's furniture. Recommended by designers for high-end custom furniture and bedding. Koosh Natural is produced using the most stringent controls and procedures which are evident in its consistency and performance. Manufactured with no harmful chemicals or substances. Koosh Natural is light green in colour.
|KN51||Extra Firm||KN11 has memory foam like properties but better. It is natural open cell (breathes better), luxuriously soft and not temperature sensitive like memory foam. Its unique cell structure and soy content sets new standards. It has a softer surface, greater comfort and support, and better fatigue resistance than conventional polyurethane foam.
Guaranteed to maintain its original shape and firmness for the life of most people's furniture. Recommended by designers for high-end custom furniture and bedding. Koosh Natural is produced using the most stringent controls and Procedures which are evident in its consistency and performance. Manufactured with no PBDEs or CFCs which satisfy ecological concerns. Koosh is light green in colour.
|VISCOELASTIC - Space Age Technology For Great Pressure Relief|
|Memory Foam||MF2512||12 yr||15 yr||2.5||Memory||$4.75||
Memory foam relieves pressure points and improves comfort. However, it is too soft to be used all by itself. Usually, it is the comfort layer on top of another foam grade that provides the support.
|VG4010||15 yr||20 yr||4.0||Koosh VG||$5.67|
|* Items in green are either all natural or made with varying degrees of renewable resources.|
* Life Expectancy
ISO-Pounding and the Roller Shear flex fatigue tests are performed to determine foam durability, or how well foam retains its firmness and height properties after repeated compression. They are also used to grade the various foams for sale. They help predict the performance of the foam in actual cushioning and bedding applications. In the case of ISO-Pounding the sample is repeatedly pounded.
In the Roller Shear test an average weight of 170 lbs. is repeatedly rolled over a foam sample from two directions, typically for about 25,000 cycles, in the same spot for thousands of cycles. The compression or height loss is measured at various intervals to help determine the life expectancy of each foam grade.
The Right Firmness Based on Ergocheck Pressure Testing Technology.
|COMPRESSION||SOFT||MEDIUM SOFT||MEDIUM||MEDIUM FIRM||FIRM||EXTRA FIRM||XX-FIRM|
|YOUR WEIGHT||Used for Toppers||< 140 lbs.||140 to 180||180 to 220||220 to 260||260 to 299||300+ lbs.|
|FIRMNESS (ILD)||10 to 18||19 to 23||24 to 30||31 to 37||38 to 44||45 to 54||55 ILD +|
(Listed from most to least expensive)
- The last 2 numbers represent the firmness of the foam. The higher the number the firmer the foam will feel.
- The foam will feel softer when you sit on it as opposed to when you lay on it in a mattress application. This is due to more weight being concentrated in a smaller area. Choose Firmness based on use.
- Know that 80% of seat cushions made are between Medium (26 ILD) and Firm (45 ILD) based on a 4" thick cushion.
- A thinner foam, in the same firmness (ILD), will feel softer than a thicker piece. Base your foam firmness on your desired thickness.
- The soft grades are used for backs or seat and mattress toppers when you layer 2 or more different firmness.